Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Vocabulary: Words starting with A (81-90)

List (81-90)

81. Arable


late Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin arabilis, from arare ‘to plough’.
Meaning in English: fit for growing crops, capable of producing crops.
Meaning in Hindi: कृषि योग्य, खेती के लायक
Usage in Sentence:
"Arable soil."
Synonyms: cultivable, plowable.
Antonyms: infertile.
Mnemonic: Land in Arab countries is not fertile so they wish for arable land.

82. Arbiter


late Middle English: from Latin, ‘judge, supreme ruler’.
Meaning in English: person who has power of judging, a person who settles disputes or has ultimate authority in a matter.
Meaning in Hindi: पंच, मध्यस्थ
Usage in Sentence:
"The critic is considered as arbiter of modern cinema."
Synonyms: referee, umpire, mediator, judge, middleperson.

83. Arbitrary


late Middle English (in the sense ‘dependent on one's will or pleasure, discretionary’): from Latin arbitrarius, from arbiter ‘judge, supreme ruler’, perhaps influenced by French arbitraire .
Meaning in English: unreasonable, having unlimited power, based on random choice, decided by judge rather than by law.
Meaning in Hindi: मनमाना, एकपक्षीय
Usage in Sentence:
"An arbitrary decision."
Synonyms: whimsical, random, chance, erratic, unpredictable, inconsistent, tyrannical.
Antonyms: rational, reasoned.

84. Arbitrate


mid 16th cent.: from Latin arbitrat- ‘judged’, from arbitrari, from arbiter ‘judge, supreme ruler’.
Meaning in English: act as judge.
Meaning in Hindi: पंचायत करना, पंच-निर्णय करना
Usage in Sentence:
"To arbitrate a dispute."
Synonyms: judge, adjudge, referee, adjudicate, decide, determine.
Mnemonic: appreHENsive – hen is always fearful.

85. Arboreal


mid 17th cent.: from Latin arboreus, from arbor ‘tree’
Meaning in English: living in tree
Meaning in Hindi: वानस्पतिक
Synonyms: branchy, arborous.

86. Arboretum


early 19th cent.: from Latin, ‘a place with trees’, from arbor ‘tree.
Meaning in English: place where different trees and shrubs are studies, botanical garden.
Meaning in Hindi: वान‍स्‍पतिक वाटिका
Synonyms: estate, field, garden, pasture, plantation, farmstead.

87. Arcade


late 17th cent.: from French, from Provençal arcada or Italian arcata, based on Latin arcus ‘bow’.
Meaning in English: an arched passage, a covered walk with shops on both sides.
Meaning in Hindi: तोरणपथ, महराबदार रास्ता
Usage in Sentence:
"A shopping arcade."
Synonyms: gallery, shopping centre, colonnade, passageway.

88. Arcane


mid 16th cent.: from Latin arcanus, from arcere ‘to shut up’, from arca ‘chest’.
Meaning in English: mysterious, secret.
Meaning in Hindi: रहस्य का, भेद
Synonyms: hidden, conceal, covert, dark, cryptic, occult.
Antonyms: well known, open.
Mnemonic: Wrestler kane’s face was secret.

89. Archaeology


early 17th cent. (in the sense ‘ancient history’): from modern Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia ‘ancient history’, from arkhaios ‘ancient’. The current sense dates from the mid 19th cent.
Meaning in English: study of artifacts and relics of early human kind.
Meaning in Hindi: पुरातत्त्व
Synonyms: excavation, prehistory.

90. Archaic


mid 19th cent.: from French archaïque, from Greek arkhaikos, from arkhaios, from arkhē ‘beginning’.
Meaning in English: curved, hooked, like an eagle.
Meaning in Hindi: पुरातन, प्राचीन
Synonyms: ancient, obsolete, primitive, antique, out of date.
Antonyms: contemporary, modern, current, new, present.

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  1. Nice and very helpfull for preparetion

  2. Thank you Arvind. We will keep posting it. Keep following us.